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December 30   - Day 364
* SCRIPTURES, history, and commentary below
* Introduction to the book of Revelation
* BOOKS on Revelation and
* Study Index: Revelation
* BIBLE DICTIONARY - Gehenna, Hades | 2nd death | Sheol
* Scriptural requirements of Messiah,
* Chart: Kings of Judah and Israel
* Charts: Israel history | Crucifixion
* Timeline: Some prophets of Judah and Israel
* Timelines: New Testament * Dates of NT books,
* Biography of author: John the Apostle | John of Patmos, wikipedia
* Map of Early church travel and events
* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC- 1453 AD
The Fall of Babylon and Satan Chained
Rev 18-20

Local History:
Patmos is a small Greek island in the Aegean Sea.

The book of Revelation "has generally been fixed at A.D. 96, in the reign of Domitian" most likely by John the Apostle and evangelist. (EBD) "Eusebius also records that, in the persecution under Domitian, John the apostle and evangelist was banished to the Island Patmos for his testimony of the divine word." (SBD)

Apostle John | Revelation | Roman emperor Domitian reigned from 81 to his 96 assassination

* Timelines: Emperors of Rome
* Timelines of events of the apostles and of the reigns of emporers of Rome
* The Roman Empire and Israel [Judea]
* Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified

Scriptures: (44vs)
* Revelation 18 (8vs) * 19 (21vs) * 20 (15vs)

  John sees the destruction of Babylon and more

  Revelation 18 (8vs)
  * Babylon, fallen, becomes the dwelling place for evil spirits
  * All nations had partied and gotten rich associating with "her"
  * God calls his people out of Babylon before destruction
  * More details of the destruction of Babylon
  * Babylon had established her position and in no way expected it to be changed
  * Merchants grieve over the destruction of Babylon's commerce, and their livelihoods
  * Saints, apostles, prophets in heaven are told to rejoice over the long awaited judgment on Babylon
  * Another angel demonstrated with a millstone the violence with which Babylon will be destroyed, for deceiving with sorcery and killing people all over the earth

  Revelation 19 (21vs)
  * Praise rumbles through heaven for God's avenging the blood of His servants at Babylon's hand
  * Blessed are those invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb
  * Don't worship fellow bondservants; worship God
  * The testimony of Jesus is the Spirit of Prophecy
  * One leading armies from heaven righteously judges and makes war
  * He has several names
  * An angel stands in the sun calling all birds to come to a feast of flesh
  * The beast, the kings and their armies gather to make war on the one from heaven
  * The beast and deceitful false prophet will be captured * Isa 14:16
  * The beast and deceitful false prophet will be thrown alive into the lake of fire burning with sulfur * Isa 30:33
  * The rest will be killed by him from heaven by the sword coming out of his mouth. The birds eat their fill.

  Revelation 20 (15vs)
  * An angel came with the abyss key and strong chains to bind the dragon (ie, the old serpent, the devil, Satan) * Gen 3:13-15
  * Satan to be bound 1000 years in the abyss, shut and sealed
  * During this time he won't deceive the nations
  * There was judgment of the 1st resurrection
  * To live & reign 1000 years with Christ: souls of those beheaded for the testimony of Jesus and for the word of God
  * To live & reign 1000 years with Christ: any who didnít worship the beast nor his image
  * To live & reign 1000 years with Christ: any who didnít receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand.
  * To live & reign 1000 years with Christ: the above can't die and will be priests of God and of Christ, reigning with him
  * Satan will be released and deceive the surviving nations, Gog and Magog
  * Satan will gather multitudes from Gog and Magog together to war against the camp of saints and the beloved city
  * Their defeat will be fire coming out of heaven from God to devour them. * Ezek 39
  * The deceiving devil will be thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur where the beast and false prophet are * Rev 19:20
  * Their torment continues 24/7/eternity
  * The One on the great white throne oversees the end of Earth and heaven
  * 2nd resurrection: All the dead now stand before the throne as books are opened and judgment is made of their works
  * The book of life is opened
  * Dead from the sea and in Death and Hades appear, to be judged by their works
  * Death and Hades are thrown into the lake of fire
  * Second death: anyone not found in the book of life is cast into the lake of fire

Babylon falls
Beast and false prophet dealt with
Satan chained 1000 years
1st resurrection and judgment
Final war against God's people
End of Earth and heaven
2nd resurrection and judgment
End of death
Today's Bible Commentary: Revelation 18-20

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Map of some early church events - click to enlarge

Local HISTORY charts:

Timelines of apostles work during reigns of Roman emporers

History of the Dispersed Jews from Judea area around Jerusalem:
  * Diaspora, wikipedia * Dispersed Jews of Africa and Asia et al
  * - "After being conquered and dispersed by the Babylonians, Persians, and Greeks, Judea again became independent under the Hasmonean Jewish Kingdom from 165 to 63 B.CE."

Roman Empire citizens begin to hear about the Messiah in Israel

Approximate dates of various events of the apostles

* NT Introduction and The Book of Acts, Baruch Smith

* ca 30 AD - Jesus was crucified in Judea just outside of Jerusalem
* ca 30 AD - Witnesses saw Jesus alive, resurrected in Judea
* ca 32 AD - Stephen preached and was stoned to death
* ca 32-36 AD - Jesus converted Saul (aka Paul) on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-31, 22:1-22, 26:9-24)
* ca 44-46 AD - Paul's 1st missionary journey with Barnabas (Acts 13-14)
* ca 49 or 50 AD - Jerusalem Conference for circumcision controversy (Acts 15; Gal 2:1)
* ca 50-52 AD - Paul's 2nd mission journey (Acts 16, 17, 18)
* ca 52 AD - Paul, Silas, Timothy spent about 18 months in Corinth (Acts 18)
* ca 53-57 AD - Paul's 3rd mission journey (Acts 18,19,20,21)
* ca 53-57 AD - Paul's 3rd mission journey: Ephesus (Acts 19)
* ca 61 AD - Barnabas was stoned to death in his home country Cyprus
    (per "Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church" at wikipedia)
* More on Paul's trips
* more about Paul
* mid-60s (67?) - Paul died, killed in Rome wikipedia
* ca 64 or 67 - Peter died, killed in Rome (Wikipedia: 67 or 64)
* ca 100 - John the apostle (ca 6-100) died
* 306-337 - Constantine 1 was the first Christian Roman Emperor, over 250 years after Peter and Paul's deaths.

Roman Empire - secular dates of reign list of the Emperors of Rome

* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC-1453 AD

REIGNED: 81-96 AD - Caesar Domitian, emperor of the Roman Empire for ca 15 years. Ending the Flavian dynasty, he was assassinated.
REIGNED: 79-81 AD - Caesar Titus, emperor of the Roman Empire for ca 2 years, dying of a fever.
79 AD: Mt Vesuvius erupted, following a disasterous earthquake around Pompeii in 62 AD.
REIGNED: 69-79 AD - Caesar Vespasian, emperor of the Roman Empire for about 10 years. Having been a military leader, he conquered Britain in 43 AD, was at the Judea Rebellion (66-73), and was reigning when Jerusalem fell (70AD). Construction on the Colosseum (ca 71-80 AD) began during his reign.
REIGNED: 69 AD - Caesar Vitellius, emperor of the Roman Empire for 8 months.
REIGNED: 69 AD - Caesar Otho, emperor of the Roman Empire for 3 months.
REIGNED: 68-69 AD - Caesar Galba, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 56-68 AD - Caesar Nero, emperor of the Roman Empire ruled during the great fire of Rome (64AD). The Judea Rebellion began (66 AD) during his reign. He committed suicide rather than be assasinated, aged 30.
REIGNED: 41-56 AD - Caesar Claudius, emperor of the Roman Empire conquered Britain, Judea, Phamphylia, Lycia.
Aquila and Priscilla moved to Corinth because Claudius exiled all Jews from Rome.
REIGNED: 37-41 AD - Caesar Caligula, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 14-37 AD - Caesar Tiberius, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 27 BC - 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire ca 6-4 BC; Luke 2:1.

Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified

Harmony reading 4: Jesus was crucified in Judea (Nov 4)

DATE: ca 30 AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14-37 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18-36 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 4 BC-34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, son of Herod the Great, died
DATE: ca 26-36 AD - after ruling about 10 years, Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

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