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December 31   - Day 365
* SCRIPTURES, history, and commentary below
* Introduction to the book of Revelation
* BOOKS on Revelation and Amazon.com
* Study Index: Revelation
* BIBLE DICTIONARY - God | Angel | Judgment | Reveal
* Scriptural requirements of Messiah, MessiahRevealed.org
* MAPS * OUTLINE BIBLE * TIMELINES
* Chart: Kings of Judah and Israel
* Charts: Israel history | Crucifixion
* Timeline: Some prophets of Judah and Israel
* Timelines: New Testament * Dates of NT books, BibleStudy.org
* Biography of author: John the Apostle | John of Patmos, wikipedia
* Map of Early church travel and events
* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC- 1453 AD
Commentary:
New Heaven, New Earth, New Jerusalem
Rev 21-22

Local History:
Patmos is a small Greek island in the Aegean Sea.

The book of Revelation "has generally been fixed at A.D. 96, in the reign of Domitian" most likely by John the Apostle and evangelist. (EBD) "Eusebius also records that, in the persecution under Domitian, John the apostle and evangelist was banished to the Island Patmos for his testimony of the divine word." (SBD)

Wikipedia:
Apostle John | Revelation | Roman emperor Domitian reigned from 81 to his 96 assassination


* Timelines: Emperors of Rome
* Timelines of events of the apostles and of the reigns of emporers of Rome
* The Roman Empire and Israel [Judea]
* Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified

Scriptures: (48vs)
* Revelation 21 (27vs) * 22 (21vs)


  John sees the New Heaven, New Earth, and the Bride of the Lamb

  Revelation 21 (27vs)
  * What happens when the first heaven, Earth, and sea are gone?
  * Change: a new heaven, a new Earth, and New Jerusalem comes down out of heaven * Isa 65:17
  * Heaven announces: Godís dwelling is with people who have new life, living in a new way
  * God is the Alpha and Omega, Beginning and End * Isa 41:4
  * The Overcomer is here
  * Come see the wife, the Lamb's bride
  * One of the 7 angels showed John Jerusalem coming out of heaven with a wall, 12 gates, 12 foundations, with names of the 12 apostles of the Lamb
  * The angel measured the city, gates, walls: 12,012 stadia. * Rev 14:20
  * The city was built with jewels and gold
  * The Lord God, the Almighty, and the Lamb are its temple
  * The glory of God illuminates the city and its lamp is the Lamb.
  * With no night, the glory lights the nations
  * Those written in the Lambís book of life come into the city

  Revelation 22 (21vs)
  * A river of water of life comes out of the throne of God and of the Lamb, in the middle of its street * Ezek 47
  * Fruit trees grow near the river
  * No curse
  * God and the Lamb will reign and his servants serve him
  * They will see him face to face with his name on their foreheads
  * With no night, the Lord God will illuminate them and reign forever
  * Trust these words
  * The Lord God of the spirits of the prophets sent his angel to show to his bondservants the things which must happen soon
  * Keep these words and be blessed by Him
  * Even with good news from an angel, only worship God for it
  * Blessed are those who do his commandments so they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter in by the gates into the city
  * The dogs, sorcerers, sexually immoral, murderers, idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood has no part of this city
  * Jesus sent his angel to testify all this to be told to the assemblies, the churches
  * Come!
  * Don't add or drop parts of this book
  * Yes, come quickly, Lord Jesus

"After the war, what is familiar about heaven and earth to us now
will be totally changed."
"The New Jerusalem is the bride of the Lamb."
Today's Bible Commentary: Revelation 21-22

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Map of some early church events - click to enlarge


Local HISTORY charts:

Timelines of apostles work during reigns of Roman emporers

History of the Dispersed Jews from Judea area around Jerusalem:
  * Diaspora, wikipedia * Dispersed Jews of Africa and Asia et al
  * FAQ.org - "After being conquered and dispersed by the Babylonians, Persians, and Greeks, Judea again became independent under the Hasmonean Jewish Kingdom from 165 to 63 B.CE."

Roman Empire citizens begin to hear about the Messiah in Israel

TIMELINE:
Approximate dates of various events of the apostles

* NT Introduction and The Book of Acts, Baruch Smith

* ca 30 AD - Jesus was crucified in Judea just outside of Jerusalem
* ca 30 AD - Witnesses saw Jesus alive, resurrected in Judea
* ca 32 AD - Stephen preached and was stoned to death
* ca 32-36 AD - Jesus converted Saul (aka Paul) on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-31, 22:1-22, 26:9-24)
* ca 44-46 AD - Paul's 1st missionary journey with Barnabas (Acts 13-14)
* ca 49 or 50 AD - Jerusalem Conference for circumcision controversy (Acts 15; Gal 2:1)
* ca 50-52 AD - Paul's 2nd mission journey (Acts 16, 17, 18)
* ca 52 AD - Paul, Silas, Timothy spent about 18 months in Corinth (Acts 18)
* ca 53-57 AD - Paul's 3rd mission journey (Acts 18,19,20,21)
* ca 53-57 AD - Paul's 3rd mission journey: Ephesus (Acts 19)
* ca 61 AD - Barnabas was stoned to death in his home country Cyprus
    (per "Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church" at wikipedia)
* More on Paul's trips
* more about Paul
* mid-60s (67?) - Paul died, killed in Rome wikipedia
* ca 64 or 67 - Peter died, killed in Rome (Wikipedia: 67 or 64)
* ca 100 - John the apostle (ca 6-100) died
* 306-337 - Constantine 1 was the first Christian Roman Emperor, over 250 years after Peter and Paul's deaths.

Roman Empire - secular dates of reign list of the Emperors of Rome

* Map of the rise and fall of Roman Empire, 753 BC-1453 AD

REIGNED: 81-96 AD - Caesar Domitian, emperor of the Roman Empire for ca 15 years. Ending the Flavian dynasty, he was assassinated.
REIGNED: 79-81 AD - Caesar Titus, emperor of the Roman Empire for ca 2 years, dying of a fever.
79 AD: Mt Vesuvius erupted, following a disasterous earthquake around Pompeii in 62 AD.
REIGNED: 69-79 AD - Caesar Vespasian, emperor of the Roman Empire for about 10 years. Having been a military leader, he conquered Britain in 43 AD, was at the Judea Rebellion (66-73), and was reigning when Jerusalem fell (70AD). Construction on the Colosseum (ca 71-80 AD) began during his reign.
REIGNED: 69 AD - Caesar Vitellius, emperor of the Roman Empire for 8 months.
REIGNED: 69 AD - Caesar Otho, emperor of the Roman Empire for 3 months.
REIGNED: 68-69 AD - Caesar Galba, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 56-68 AD - Caesar Nero, emperor of the Roman Empire ruled during the great fire of Rome (64AD). The Judea Rebellion began (66 AD) during his reign. He committed suicide rather than be assasinated, aged 30.
REIGNED: 41-56 AD - Caesar Claudius, emperor of the Roman Empire conquered Britain, Judea, Phamphylia, Lycia.
Aquila and Priscilla moved to Corinth because Claudius exiled all Jews from Rome.
REIGNED: 37-41 AD - Caesar Caligula, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 14-37 AD - Caesar Tiberius, emperor of the Roman Empire
REIGNED: 27 BC - 14 AD - Caesar Augustus, emperor of the Roman Empire, ordered a census of the entire empire ca 6-4 BC; Luke 2:1.


Rulers of Rome and Israel when Jesus was crucified


Harmony reading 4: Jesus was crucified in Judea (Nov 4)

DATE: ca 30 AD - around the age of 33, Jesus was crucified after being tried by Pontius Pilate and High Priest Annas
DATE: ca 6 AD - Annas High Priest officially from 6-15 AD, but who lived until assasinated in 66 AD
DATE: ca 14-37 AD - Tiberius Caesar, Emperor of the Roman Empire, began his reign
DATE: ca 18-36 AD - Caiaphas High Priest from 18-36 AD (John 18:13 - son-in-law of Annas)
DATE: ca 4 BC-34 AD - Philip the Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, son of Herod the Great, died
DATE: ca 26-36 AD - after ruling about 10 years, Pontius Pilate was exiled to Gaul, perhaps by the cruel and insane Caligula who ruled Rome from 37Ė41 AD
DATE: ca 37 AD - Tiberius, Emperor of the Roman Empire, died and was followed by Caligula (AD 37Ė41) who claimed divinity
DATE: ca 39 AD - Tetrarch Herod Antipas was exiled from Galilee and Perea by his nephew Agrippa I who took over Galilee and Perea

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